Custom House Plans and
Working House Plans &
Here’s how to translate the vision of your home into usable blueprints.
After you make basic design decisions and know the features you want in your home, you're
ready to have detailed drawings and specifications made. The best place to go for your blueprints is a designer.
This can be an architect, an independent home designer or a custom home
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20 CRITICAL DESIGN
ASPECTS EVERY HOME OWNER MUST CONSIDER BEFORE PLANNING A NEW
Normally, producers require several hundred dollars deposit to pay for the design and drafting
work before they will produce working drawings for you. This money will be deducted from the cost of the home when
you sign your sales contract.
Often, blueprints obtained from producers will not include drawings for the mechanical and
electrical components of the home, which are necessary to get building permits. However, in nearly all cases, your
electrical or plumbing subcontractor will be able to produce the needed detailed drawings.
Architects and home-design services are available in your town and online, such as Phillip Rye Energy Efficient Custom Home
Design. Their services often include supervision of the construction in addition to design and
specification of materials. If you are creating an especially intricate floor plan with many unusual features and
intend to build a showplace, an architect is a good choice for expert assistance. Make sure you have the architect
coordinate with the log or timber-frame producer and that the architect understands the differences in the
requirements of these homes, such as increased wall thickness and insulation values.
Most areas, in addition to architects, have independent home planners. These are basically
draftspersons that have developed expertise in building codes and home design and will do the drawings for your
home. They do excellent work, have a large file of plans to look through for ideas and are a good place to go for
the finished set of blueprints you'll need. Their fees are a good deal lower than an architect because the service
they provide is not as extensive.
Construction House Plan Drawings
Construction drawings are created so that as much information as possible can be communicated
to the builder in as little space as possible. A basic set of construction drawings will include:
- Elevations, showing four views of the house, one for
each exterior wall as viewed from the yard looking at the home. These two-dimensional drawings show what the
home will look like when completed.
- A plan view, showing the home as viewed from the top
with the roof removed. There is one plan view for each floor. It shows the interior of the home, indicating
sizes, shapes, and arrangements of rooms, doors and windows, bathroom fixtures, kitchen equipment, etc.
- A section view, generally an
enlargement of a specific construction detail that is hidden from view. The draftsperson imagines taking a
large knife and slicing through a wall or portion of the foundation, opening up that area to show what lies
- Foundation drawings, showing the foundation in an
elevation view, a plan view and a section view to make clear construction details.
- Mechanical detail, showing the three mechanical
components: electrical wiring and equipment, plumbing, and heating and air conditioning. Generally, the
subcontractors responsible for installing this material and equipment are provided with a copy of the working
drawings. They then develop drawings covering their work and use these to obtain permits.
- Specifications, for lumber size and grade, strength of
concrete, wall finish, grade of roofing and so on through all the details of construction materials. These
figures appear in tables or notes that accompany the blueprints. For example, symbols should appear next to
each window and door that refers to the specification tables and tells the builder exactly what size and style
window and door goes into each location.
Survey & Plot Plan
A survey is a plan view of the property showing exact size, shape and location in relation to
some reference point. Most cities and counties require a survey whenever land or property is sold. Mortgage
companies require this information prior to providing financing.
Surveys, when prepared and signed by licensed land surveyors and filed with the appropriate
city or county government agency, are accepted as accurate in most legal proceedings. Surveys prepared by anyone
other than a licensed land surveyor are generally not accepted as legal documents.
A plot plan is also a plan view of the property, but it includes the exact location of
existing and proposed structures on the land. The survey and the plot plan are needed to obtain permits and loans.
Your builder will need the plot plan before staking out the structure with batter boards to indicate the location
of excavations needed for the foundation.
A survey and plot plan should contain compass direction showing north; metes and bounds of the
property lines and their distances; lot corners; location and dimensions of the house, garage and other buildings
planned for the site; location and dimensions of walks and driveways, steps, porches, etc.; scale of the drawing;
description of the lot and section number; contour lines indicating levels of the land (optional); location of
trees; location and dimensions of water and sewer lines, gas, electric, telephone and cable television service
(optional); a benchmark or elevation point from which the finished floor elevations can be calculated
Copies of Drawings
A complete set of construction drawings can be five to 10 pages long. Since reproducing and
collating these drawings is expensive, anticipate how many copies of the working drawings you are likely to need so
you can order enough. Here are the blueprints you will need:
- Master set. These are the original black-and-white
drawings maintained by the home producer, architect or home planner. It is also the set to be used when making
- Sets for building permits. The number of sets
needed for building permits will vary, depending on the number of individual permits needed and the number of
copies required by each permit-issuing agency. Check with appropriate agencies in your area for advice.
- Sets for contractors. The general contractor and each
subcontractor will need a set of prints in order to perform their work. Before they are actually selected, you
will need sets for every con tractor you ask to bid on work for the project. Generally these contractors will
return the prints or share them. It is also possible to send these contractors something less than a full set
of prints. They only need the portion that shows the work they will bid on. It is usually advisable to plan on
at least one set each for the general contractor, excavator, electrician and HVAC contractor.
- Sets for lender. You will need at least one set of
plans to submit with your loan application. If you're applying to more than one lending institution, you'll
need copies for each.
- Sets for job site. A complete set of working drawings
should always be available on the job site for inspectors and everyone working on the project. It is a good
idea to have this set laminated to keep the drawings clean and legible.
- Sets for owners. As the homeowners, you will want to
keep a complete set of plans with you so you can monitor progress at the job site and have a reference copy in
case others are lost or damaged.
Are you building a home and looking for a custom, energy efficient house plan? Visit my home
design site at www.rye-homes.com for more